Source code for fontTools.otlLib.builder

from collections import namedtuple, OrderedDict
import os
from fontTools.misc.fixedTools import fixedToFloat
from fontTools import ttLib
from fontTools.ttLib.tables import otTables as ot
from fontTools.ttLib.tables.otBase import (
    ValueRecord,
    valueRecordFormatDict,
    OTTableWriter,
    CountReference,
)
from fontTools.ttLib.tables import otBase
from fontTools.feaLib.ast import STATNameStatement
from fontTools.otlLib.optimize.gpos import (
    _compression_level_from_env,
    compact_lookup,
)
from fontTools.otlLib.error import OpenTypeLibError
from functools import reduce
import logging
import copy


log = logging.getLogger(__name__)


[docs]def buildCoverage(glyphs, glyphMap): """Builds a coverage table. Coverage tables (as defined in the `OpenType spec <https://docs.microsoft.com/en-gb/typography/opentype/spec/chapter2#coverage-table>`__) are used in all OpenType Layout lookups apart from the Extension type, and define the glyphs involved in a layout subtable. This allows shaping engines to compare the glyph stream with the coverage table and quickly determine whether a subtable should be involved in a shaping operation. This function takes a list of glyphs and a glyphname-to-ID map, and returns a ``Coverage`` object representing the coverage table. Example:: glyphMap = font.getReverseGlyphMap() glyphs = [ "A", "B", "C" ] coverage = buildCoverage(glyphs, glyphMap) Args: glyphs: a sequence of glyph names. glyphMap: a glyph name to ID map, typically returned from ``font.getReverseGlyphMap()``. Returns: An ``otTables.Coverage`` object or ``None`` if there are no glyphs supplied. """ if not glyphs: return None self = ot.Coverage() self.glyphs = sorted(set(glyphs), key=glyphMap.__getitem__) return self
LOOKUP_FLAG_RIGHT_TO_LEFT = 0x0001 LOOKUP_FLAG_IGNORE_BASE_GLYPHS = 0x0002 LOOKUP_FLAG_IGNORE_LIGATURES = 0x0004 LOOKUP_FLAG_IGNORE_MARKS = 0x0008 LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET = 0x0010
[docs]def buildLookup(subtables, flags=0, markFilterSet=None): """Turns a collection of rules into a lookup. A Lookup (as defined in the `OpenType Spec <https://docs.microsoft.com/en-gb/typography/opentype/spec/chapter2#lookupTbl>`__) wraps the individual rules in a layout operation (substitution or positioning) in a data structure expressing their overall lookup type - for example, single substitution, mark-to-base attachment, and so on - as well as the lookup flags and any mark filtering sets. You may import the following constants to express lookup flags: - ``LOOKUP_FLAG_RIGHT_TO_LEFT`` - ``LOOKUP_FLAG_IGNORE_BASE_GLYPHS`` - ``LOOKUP_FLAG_IGNORE_LIGATURES`` - ``LOOKUP_FLAG_IGNORE_MARKS`` - ``LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET`` Args: subtables: A list of layout subtable objects (e.g. ``MultipleSubst``, ``PairPos``, etc.) or ``None``. flags (int): This lookup's flags. markFilterSet: Either ``None`` if no mark filtering set is used, or an integer representing the filtering set to be used for this lookup. If a mark filtering set is provided, `LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET` will be set on the lookup's flags. Returns: An ``otTables.Lookup`` object or ``None`` if there are no subtables supplied. """ if subtables is None: return None subtables = [st for st in subtables if st is not None] if not subtables: return None assert all( t.LookupType == subtables[0].LookupType for t in subtables ), "all subtables must have the same LookupType; got %s" % repr( [t.LookupType for t in subtables] ) self = ot.Lookup() self.LookupType = subtables[0].LookupType self.LookupFlag = flags self.SubTable = subtables self.SubTableCount = len(self.SubTable) if markFilterSet is not None: self.LookupFlag |= LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET assert isinstance(markFilterSet, int), markFilterSet self.MarkFilteringSet = markFilterSet else: assert (self.LookupFlag & LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET) == 0, ( "if markFilterSet is None, flags must not set " "LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET; flags=0x%04x" % flags ) return self
class LookupBuilder(object): SUBTABLE_BREAK_ = "SUBTABLE_BREAK" def __init__(self, font, location, table, lookup_type): self.font = font self.glyphMap = font.getReverseGlyphMap() self.location = location self.table, self.lookup_type = table, lookup_type self.lookupflag = 0 self.markFilterSet = None self.lookup_index = None # assigned when making final tables assert table in ("GPOS", "GSUB") def equals(self, other): return ( isinstance(other, self.__class__) and self.table == other.table and self.lookupflag == other.lookupflag and self.markFilterSet == other.markFilterSet ) def inferGlyphClasses(self): """Infers glyph glasses for the GDEF table, such as {"cedilla":3}.""" return {} def getAlternateGlyphs(self): """Helper for building 'aalt' features.""" return {} def buildLookup_(self, subtables): return buildLookup(subtables, self.lookupflag, self.markFilterSet) def buildMarkClasses_(self, marks): """{"cedilla": ("BOTTOM", ast.Anchor), ...} --> {"BOTTOM":0, "TOP":1} Helper for MarkBasePostBuilder, MarkLigPosBuilder, and MarkMarkPosBuilder. Seems to return the same numeric IDs for mark classes as the AFDKO makeotf tool. """ ids = {} for mark in sorted(marks.keys(), key=self.font.getGlyphID): markClassName, _markAnchor = marks[mark] if markClassName not in ids: ids[markClassName] = len(ids) return ids def setBacktrackCoverage_(self, prefix, subtable): subtable.BacktrackGlyphCount = len(prefix) subtable.BacktrackCoverage = [] for p in reversed(prefix): coverage = buildCoverage(p, self.glyphMap) subtable.BacktrackCoverage.append(coverage) def setLookAheadCoverage_(self, suffix, subtable): subtable.LookAheadGlyphCount = len(suffix) subtable.LookAheadCoverage = [] for s in suffix: coverage = buildCoverage(s, self.glyphMap) subtable.LookAheadCoverage.append(coverage) def setInputCoverage_(self, glyphs, subtable): subtable.InputGlyphCount = len(glyphs) subtable.InputCoverage = [] for g in glyphs: coverage = buildCoverage(g, self.glyphMap) subtable.InputCoverage.append(coverage) def setCoverage_(self, glyphs, subtable): subtable.GlyphCount = len(glyphs) subtable.Coverage = [] for g in glyphs: coverage = buildCoverage(g, self.glyphMap) subtable.Coverage.append(coverage) def build_subst_subtables(self, mapping, klass): substitutions = [{}] for key in mapping: if key[0] == self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_: substitutions.append({}) else: substitutions[-1][key] = mapping[key] subtables = [klass(s) for s in substitutions] return subtables def add_subtable_break(self, location): """Add an explicit subtable break. Args: location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this break, or ``None`` if no location is provided. """ log.warning( OpenTypeLibError( 'unsupported "subtable" statement for lookup type', location ) )
[docs]class AlternateSubstBuilder(LookupBuilder): """Builds an Alternate Substitution (GSUB3) lookup. Users are expected to manually add alternate glyph substitutions to the ``alternates`` attribute after the object has been initialized, e.g.:: builder.alternates["A"] = ["A.alt1", "A.alt2"] Attributes: font (``fontTools.TTLib.TTFont``): A font object. location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this lookup. alternates: An ordered dictionary of alternates, mapping glyph names to a list of names of alternates. lookupflag (int): The lookup's flag markFilterSet: Either ``None`` if no mark filtering set is used, or an integer representing the filtering set to be used for this lookup. If a mark filtering set is provided, `LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET` will be set on the lookup's flags. """ def __init__(self, font, location): LookupBuilder.__init__(self, font, location, "GSUB", 3) self.alternates = OrderedDict() def equals(self, other): return LookupBuilder.equals(self, other) and self.alternates == other.alternates
[docs] def build(self): """Build the lookup. Returns: An ``otTables.Lookup`` object representing the alternate substitution lookup. """ subtables = self.build_subst_subtables( self.alternates, buildAlternateSubstSubtable ) return self.buildLookup_(subtables)
[docs] def getAlternateGlyphs(self): return self.alternates
[docs] def add_subtable_break(self, location): self.alternates[(self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_, location)] = self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_
class ChainContextualRule( namedtuple("ChainContextualRule", ["prefix", "glyphs", "suffix", "lookups"]) ): @property def is_subtable_break(self): return self.prefix == LookupBuilder.SUBTABLE_BREAK_ class ChainContextualRuleset: def __init__(self): self.rules = [] def addRule(self, rule): self.rules.append(rule) @property def hasPrefixOrSuffix(self): # Do we have any prefixes/suffixes? If this is False for all # rulesets, we can express the whole lookup as GPOS5/GSUB7. for rule in self.rules: if len(rule.prefix) > 0 or len(rule.suffix) > 0: return True return False @property def hasAnyGlyphClasses(self): # Do we use glyph classes anywhere in the rules? If this is False # we can express this subtable as a Format 1. for rule in self.rules: for coverage in (rule.prefix, rule.glyphs, rule.suffix): if any(len(x) > 1 for x in coverage): return True return False def format2ClassDefs(self): PREFIX, GLYPHS, SUFFIX = 0, 1, 2 classDefBuilders = [] for ix in [PREFIX, GLYPHS, SUFFIX]: context = [] for r in self.rules: context.append(r[ix]) classes = self._classBuilderForContext(context) if not classes: return None classDefBuilders.append(classes) return classDefBuilders def _classBuilderForContext(self, context): classdefbuilder = ClassDefBuilder(useClass0=False) for position in context: for glyphset in position: glyphs = set(glyphset) if not classdefbuilder.canAdd(glyphs): return None classdefbuilder.add(glyphs) return classdefbuilder class ChainContextualBuilder(LookupBuilder): def equals(self, other): return LookupBuilder.equals(self, other) and self.rules == other.rules def rulesets(self): # Return a list of ChainContextRuleset objects, taking explicit # subtable breaks into account ruleset = [ChainContextualRuleset()] for rule in self.rules: if rule.is_subtable_break: ruleset.append(ChainContextualRuleset()) continue ruleset[-1].addRule(rule) # Squish any empty subtables return [x for x in ruleset if len(x.rules) > 0] def getCompiledSize_(self, subtables): size = 0 for st in subtables: w = OTTableWriter() w["LookupType"] = CountReference( {"LookupType": st.LookupType}, "LookupType" ) # We need to make a copy here because compiling # modifies the subtable (finalizing formats etc.) copy.deepcopy(st).compile(w, self.font) size += len(w.getAllData()) return size def build(self): """Build the lookup. Returns: An ``otTables.Lookup`` object representing the chained contextual positioning lookup. """ subtables = [] rulesets = self.rulesets() chaining = any(ruleset.hasPrefixOrSuffix for ruleset in rulesets) # Unfortunately, as of 2022-03-07, Apple's CoreText renderer does not # correctly process GPOS7 lookups, so for now we force contextual # positioning lookups to be chaining (GPOS8). if self.subtable_type == "Pos": # horrible separation of concerns breach chaining = True for ruleset in rulesets: # Determine format strategy. We try to build formats 1, 2 and 3 # subtables and then work out which is best. candidates list holds # the subtables in each format for this ruleset (including a dummy # "format 0" to make the addressing match the format numbers). # We can always build a format 3 lookup by accumulating each of # the rules into a list, so start with that. candidates = [None, None, None, []] for rule in ruleset.rules: candidates[3].append(self.buildFormat3Subtable(rule, chaining)) # Can we express the whole ruleset as a format 2 subtable? classdefs = ruleset.format2ClassDefs() if classdefs: candidates[2] = [ self.buildFormat2Subtable(ruleset, classdefs, chaining) ] if not ruleset.hasAnyGlyphClasses: candidates[1] = [self.buildFormat1Subtable(ruleset, chaining)] for i in [1, 2, 3]: if candidates[i]: try: self.getCompiledSize_(candidates[i]) except Exception as e: log.warning( "Contextual format %i at %s overflowed (%s)" % (i, str(self.location), e) ) candidates[i] = None candidates = [x for x in candidates if x is not None] if not candidates: raise OpenTypeLibError("All candidates overflowed", self.location) winner = min(candidates, key=self.getCompiledSize_) subtables.extend(winner) # If we are not chaining, lookup type will be automatically fixed by # buildLookup_ return self.buildLookup_(subtables) def buildFormat1Subtable(self, ruleset, chaining=True): st = self.newSubtable_(chaining=chaining) st.Format = 1 st.populateDefaults() coverage = set() rulesetsByFirstGlyph = {} ruleAttr = self.ruleAttr_(format=1, chaining=chaining) for rule in ruleset.rules: ruleAsSubtable = self.newRule_(format=1, chaining=chaining) if chaining: ruleAsSubtable.BacktrackGlyphCount = len(rule.prefix) ruleAsSubtable.LookAheadGlyphCount = len(rule.suffix) ruleAsSubtable.Backtrack = [list(x)[0] for x in reversed(rule.prefix)] ruleAsSubtable.LookAhead = [list(x)[0] for x in rule.suffix] ruleAsSubtable.InputGlyphCount = len(rule.glyphs) else: ruleAsSubtable.GlyphCount = len(rule.glyphs) ruleAsSubtable.Input = [list(x)[0] for x in rule.glyphs[1:]] self.buildLookupList(rule, ruleAsSubtable) firstGlyph = list(rule.glyphs[0])[0] if firstGlyph not in rulesetsByFirstGlyph: coverage.add(firstGlyph) rulesetsByFirstGlyph[firstGlyph] = [] rulesetsByFirstGlyph[firstGlyph].append(ruleAsSubtable) st.Coverage = buildCoverage(coverage, self.glyphMap) ruleSets = [] for g in st.Coverage.glyphs: ruleSet = self.newRuleSet_(format=1, chaining=chaining) setattr(ruleSet, ruleAttr, rulesetsByFirstGlyph[g]) setattr(ruleSet, f"{ruleAttr}Count", len(rulesetsByFirstGlyph[g])) ruleSets.append(ruleSet) setattr(st, self.ruleSetAttr_(format=1, chaining=chaining), ruleSets) setattr( st, self.ruleSetAttr_(format=1, chaining=chaining) + "Count", len(ruleSets) ) return st def buildFormat2Subtable(self, ruleset, classdefs, chaining=True): st = self.newSubtable_(chaining=chaining) st.Format = 2 st.populateDefaults() if chaining: ( st.BacktrackClassDef, st.InputClassDef, st.LookAheadClassDef, ) = [c.build() for c in classdefs] else: st.ClassDef = classdefs[1].build() inClasses = classdefs[1].classes() classSets = [] for _ in inClasses: classSet = self.newRuleSet_(format=2, chaining=chaining) classSets.append(classSet) coverage = set() classRuleAttr = self.ruleAttr_(format=2, chaining=chaining) for rule in ruleset.rules: ruleAsSubtable = self.newRule_(format=2, chaining=chaining) if chaining: ruleAsSubtable.BacktrackGlyphCount = len(rule.prefix) ruleAsSubtable.LookAheadGlyphCount = len(rule.suffix) # The glyphs in the rule may be list, tuple, odict_keys... # Order is not important anyway because they are guaranteed # to be members of the same class. ruleAsSubtable.Backtrack = [ st.BacktrackClassDef.classDefs[list(x)[0]] for x in reversed(rule.prefix) ] ruleAsSubtable.LookAhead = [ st.LookAheadClassDef.classDefs[list(x)[0]] for x in rule.suffix ] ruleAsSubtable.InputGlyphCount = len(rule.glyphs) ruleAsSubtable.Input = [ st.InputClassDef.classDefs[list(x)[0]] for x in rule.glyphs[1:] ] setForThisRule = classSets[ st.InputClassDef.classDefs[list(rule.glyphs[0])[0]] ] else: ruleAsSubtable.GlyphCount = len(rule.glyphs) ruleAsSubtable.Class = [ # The spec calls this InputSequence st.ClassDef.classDefs[list(x)[0]] for x in rule.glyphs[1:] ] setForThisRule = classSets[ st.ClassDef.classDefs[list(rule.glyphs[0])[0]] ] self.buildLookupList(rule, ruleAsSubtable) coverage |= set(rule.glyphs[0]) getattr(setForThisRule, classRuleAttr).append(ruleAsSubtable) setattr( setForThisRule, f"{classRuleAttr}Count", getattr(setForThisRule, f"{classRuleAttr}Count") + 1, ) setattr(st, self.ruleSetAttr_(format=2, chaining=chaining), classSets) setattr( st, self.ruleSetAttr_(format=2, chaining=chaining) + "Count", len(classSets) ) st.Coverage = buildCoverage(coverage, self.glyphMap) return st def buildFormat3Subtable(self, rule, chaining=True): st = self.newSubtable_(chaining=chaining) st.Format = 3 if chaining: self.setBacktrackCoverage_(rule.prefix, st) self.setLookAheadCoverage_(rule.suffix, st) self.setInputCoverage_(rule.glyphs, st) else: self.setCoverage_(rule.glyphs, st) self.buildLookupList(rule, st) return st def buildLookupList(self, rule, st): for sequenceIndex, lookupList in enumerate(rule.lookups): if lookupList is not None: if not isinstance(lookupList, list): # Can happen with synthesised lookups lookupList = [lookupList] for l in lookupList: if l.lookup_index is None: if isinstance(self, ChainContextPosBuilder): other = "substitution" else: other = "positioning" raise OpenTypeLibError( "Missing index of the specified " f"lookup, might be a {other} lookup", self.location, ) rec = self.newLookupRecord_(st) rec.SequenceIndex = sequenceIndex rec.LookupListIndex = l.lookup_index def add_subtable_break(self, location): self.rules.append( ChainContextualRule( self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_, self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_, self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_, [self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_], ) ) def newSubtable_(self, chaining=True): subtablename = f"Context{self.subtable_type}" if chaining: subtablename = "Chain" + subtablename st = getattr(ot, subtablename)() # ot.ChainContextPos()/ot.ChainSubst()/etc. setattr(st, f"{self.subtable_type}Count", 0) setattr(st, f"{self.subtable_type}LookupRecord", []) return st # Format 1 and format 2 GSUB5/GSUB6/GPOS7/GPOS8 rulesets and rules form a family: # # format 1 ruleset format 1 rule format 2 ruleset format 2 rule # GSUB5 SubRuleSet SubRule SubClassSet SubClassRule # GSUB6 ChainSubRuleSet ChainSubRule ChainSubClassSet ChainSubClassRule # GPOS7 PosRuleSet PosRule PosClassSet PosClassRule # GPOS8 ChainPosRuleSet ChainPosRule ChainPosClassSet ChainPosClassRule # # The following functions generate the attribute names and subtables according # to this naming convention. def ruleSetAttr_(self, format=1, chaining=True): if format == 1: formatType = "Rule" elif format == 2: formatType = "Class" else: raise AssertionError(formatType) subtablename = f"{self.subtable_type[0:3]}{formatType}Set" # Sub, not Subst. if chaining: subtablename = "Chain" + subtablename return subtablename def ruleAttr_(self, format=1, chaining=True): if format == 1: formatType = "" elif format == 2: formatType = "Class" else: raise AssertionError(formatType) subtablename = f"{self.subtable_type[0:3]}{formatType}Rule" # Sub, not Subst. if chaining: subtablename = "Chain" + subtablename return subtablename def newRuleSet_(self, format=1, chaining=True): st = getattr( ot, self.ruleSetAttr_(format, chaining) )() # ot.ChainPosRuleSet()/ot.SubRuleSet()/etc. st.populateDefaults() return st def newRule_(self, format=1, chaining=True): st = getattr( ot, self.ruleAttr_(format, chaining) )() # ot.ChainPosClassRule()/ot.SubClassRule()/etc. st.populateDefaults() return st def attachSubtableWithCount_( self, st, subtable_name, count_name, existing=None, index=None, chaining=False ): if chaining: subtable_name = "Chain" + subtable_name count_name = "Chain" + count_name if not hasattr(st, count_name): setattr(st, count_name, 0) setattr(st, subtable_name, []) if existing: new_subtable = existing else: # Create a new, empty subtable from otTables new_subtable = getattr(ot, subtable_name)() setattr(st, count_name, getattr(st, count_name) + 1) if index: getattr(st, subtable_name).insert(index, new_subtable) else: getattr(st, subtable_name).append(new_subtable) return new_subtable def newLookupRecord_(self, st): return self.attachSubtableWithCount_( st, f"{self.subtable_type}LookupRecord", f"{self.subtable_type}Count", chaining=False, ) # Oddly, it isn't ChainSubstLookupRecord
[docs]class ChainContextPosBuilder(ChainContextualBuilder): """Builds a Chained Contextual Positioning (GPOS8) lookup. Users are expected to manually add rules to the ``rules`` attribute after the object has been initialized, e.g.:: # pos [A B] [C D] x' lookup lu1 y' z' lookup lu2 E; prefix = [ ["A", "B"], ["C", "D"] ] suffix = [ ["E"] ] glyphs = [ ["x"], ["y"], ["z"] ] lookups = [ [lu1], None, [lu2] ] builder.rules.append( (prefix, glyphs, suffix, lookups) ) Attributes: font (``fontTools.TTLib.TTFont``): A font object. location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this lookup. rules: A list of tuples representing the rules in this lookup. lookupflag (int): The lookup's flag markFilterSet: Either ``None`` if no mark filtering set is used, or an integer representing the filtering set to be used for this lookup. If a mark filtering set is provided, `LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET` will be set on the lookup's flags. """ def __init__(self, font, location): LookupBuilder.__init__(self, font, location, "GPOS", 8) self.rules = [] self.subtable_type = "Pos"
[docs] def find_chainable_single_pos(self, lookups, glyphs, value): """Helper for add_single_pos_chained_()""" res = None for lookup in lookups[::-1]: if lookup == self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_: return res if isinstance(lookup, SinglePosBuilder) and all( lookup.can_add(glyph, value) for glyph in glyphs ): res = lookup return res
[docs]class ChainContextSubstBuilder(ChainContextualBuilder): """Builds a Chained Contextual Substitution (GSUB6) lookup. Users are expected to manually add rules to the ``rules`` attribute after the object has been initialized, e.g.:: # sub [A B] [C D] x' lookup lu1 y' z' lookup lu2 E; prefix = [ ["A", "B"], ["C", "D"] ] suffix = [ ["E"] ] glyphs = [ ["x"], ["y"], ["z"] ] lookups = [ [lu1], None, [lu2] ] builder.rules.append( (prefix, glyphs, suffix, lookups) ) Attributes: font (``fontTools.TTLib.TTFont``): A font object. location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this lookup. rules: A list of tuples representing the rules in this lookup. lookupflag (int): The lookup's flag markFilterSet: Either ``None`` if no mark filtering set is used, or an integer representing the filtering set to be used for this lookup. If a mark filtering set is provided, `LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET` will be set on the lookup's flags. """ def __init__(self, font, location): LookupBuilder.__init__(self, font, location, "GSUB", 6) self.rules = [] # (prefix, input, suffix, lookups) self.subtable_type = "Subst"
[docs] def getAlternateGlyphs(self): result = {} for rule in self.rules: if rule.is_subtable_break: continue for lookups in rule.lookups: if not isinstance(lookups, list): lookups = [lookups] for lookup in lookups: if lookup is not None: alts = lookup.getAlternateGlyphs() for glyph, replacements in alts.items(): result.setdefault(glyph, set()).update(replacements) return result
[docs] def find_chainable_single_subst(self, glyphs): """Helper for add_single_subst_chained_()""" res = None for rule in self.rules[::-1]: if rule.is_subtable_break: return res for sub in rule.lookups: if isinstance(sub, SingleSubstBuilder) and not any( g in glyphs for g in sub.mapping.keys() ): res = sub return res
[docs]class LigatureSubstBuilder(LookupBuilder): """Builds a Ligature Substitution (GSUB4) lookup. Users are expected to manually add ligatures to the ``ligatures`` attribute after the object has been initialized, e.g.:: # sub f i by f_i; builder.ligatures[("f","f","i")] = "f_f_i" Attributes: font (``fontTools.TTLib.TTFont``): A font object. location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this lookup. ligatures: An ordered dictionary mapping a tuple of glyph names to the ligature glyphname. lookupflag (int): The lookup's flag markFilterSet: Either ``None`` if no mark filtering set is used, or an integer representing the filtering set to be used for this lookup. If a mark filtering set is provided, `LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET` will be set on the lookup's flags. """ def __init__(self, font, location): LookupBuilder.__init__(self, font, location, "GSUB", 4) self.ligatures = OrderedDict() # {('f','f','i'): 'f_f_i'} def equals(self, other): return LookupBuilder.equals(self, other) and self.ligatures == other.ligatures
[docs] def build(self): """Build the lookup. Returns: An ``otTables.Lookup`` object representing the ligature substitution lookup. """ subtables = self.build_subst_subtables( self.ligatures, buildLigatureSubstSubtable ) return self.buildLookup_(subtables)
[docs] def add_subtable_break(self, location): self.ligatures[(self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_, location)] = self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_
[docs]class MultipleSubstBuilder(LookupBuilder): """Builds a Multiple Substitution (GSUB2) lookup. Users are expected to manually add substitutions to the ``mapping`` attribute after the object has been initialized, e.g.:: # sub uni06C0 by uni06D5.fina hamza.above; builder.mapping["uni06C0"] = [ "uni06D5.fina", "hamza.above"] Attributes: font (``fontTools.TTLib.TTFont``): A font object. location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this lookup. mapping: An ordered dictionary mapping a glyph name to a list of substituted glyph names. lookupflag (int): The lookup's flag markFilterSet: Either ``None`` if no mark filtering set is used, or an integer representing the filtering set to be used for this lookup. If a mark filtering set is provided, `LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET` will be set on the lookup's flags. """ def __init__(self, font, location): LookupBuilder.__init__(self, font, location, "GSUB", 2) self.mapping = OrderedDict() def equals(self, other): return LookupBuilder.equals(self, other) and self.mapping == other.mapping def build(self): subtables = self.build_subst_subtables(self.mapping, buildMultipleSubstSubtable) return self.buildLookup_(subtables)
[docs] def add_subtable_break(self, location): self.mapping[(self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_, location)] = self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_
[docs]class CursivePosBuilder(LookupBuilder): """Builds a Cursive Positioning (GPOS3) lookup. Attributes: font (``fontTools.TTLib.TTFont``): A font object. location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this lookup. attachments: An ordered dictionary mapping a glyph name to a two-element tuple of ``otTables.Anchor`` objects. lookupflag (int): The lookup's flag markFilterSet: Either ``None`` if no mark filtering set is used, or an integer representing the filtering set to be used for this lookup. If a mark filtering set is provided, `LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET` will be set on the lookup's flags. """ def __init__(self, font, location): LookupBuilder.__init__(self, font, location, "GPOS", 3) self.attachments = {} def equals(self, other): return ( LookupBuilder.equals(self, other) and self.attachments == other.attachments )
[docs] def add_attachment(self, location, glyphs, entryAnchor, exitAnchor): """Adds attachment information to the cursive positioning lookup. Args: location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this lookup. (Unused.) glyphs: A list of glyph names sharing these entry and exit anchor locations. entryAnchor: A ``otTables.Anchor`` object representing the entry anchor, or ``None`` if no entry anchor is present. exitAnchor: A ``otTables.Anchor`` object representing the exit anchor, or ``None`` if no exit anchor is present. """ for glyph in glyphs: self.attachments[glyph] = (entryAnchor, exitAnchor)
[docs] def build(self): """Build the lookup. Returns: An ``otTables.Lookup`` object representing the cursive positioning lookup. """ st = buildCursivePosSubtable(self.attachments, self.glyphMap) return self.buildLookup_([st])
[docs]class MarkBasePosBuilder(LookupBuilder): """Builds a Mark-To-Base Positioning (GPOS4) lookup. Users are expected to manually add marks and bases to the ``marks`` and ``bases`` attributes after the object has been initialized, e.g.:: builder.marks["acute"] = (0, a1) builder.marks["grave"] = (0, a1) builder.marks["cedilla"] = (1, a2) builder.bases["a"] = {0: a3, 1: a5} builder.bases["b"] = {0: a4, 1: a5} Attributes: font (``fontTools.TTLib.TTFont``): A font object. location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this lookup. marks: An dictionary mapping a glyph name to a two-element tuple containing a mark class ID and ``otTables.Anchor`` object. bases: An dictionary mapping a glyph name to a dictionary of mark class IDs and ``otTables.Anchor`` object. lookupflag (int): The lookup's flag markFilterSet: Either ``None`` if no mark filtering set is used, or an integer representing the filtering set to be used for this lookup. If a mark filtering set is provided, `LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET` will be set on the lookup's flags. """ def __init__(self, font, location): LookupBuilder.__init__(self, font, location, "GPOS", 4) self.marks = {} # glyphName -> (markClassName, anchor) self.bases = {} # glyphName -> {markClassName: anchor} def equals(self, other): return ( LookupBuilder.equals(self, other) and self.marks == other.marks and self.bases == other.bases )
[docs] def inferGlyphClasses(self): result = {glyph: 1 for glyph in self.bases} result.update({glyph: 3 for glyph in self.marks}) return result
[docs] def build(self): """Build the lookup. Returns: An ``otTables.Lookup`` object representing the mark-to-base positioning lookup. """ markClasses = self.buildMarkClasses_(self.marks) marks = {} for mark, (mc, anchor) in self.marks.items(): if mc not in markClasses: raise ValueError( "Mark class %s not found for mark glyph %s" % (mc, mark) ) marks[mark] = (markClasses[mc], anchor) bases = {} for glyph, anchors in self.bases.items(): bases[glyph] = {} for mc, anchor in anchors.items(): if mc not in markClasses: raise ValueError( "Mark class %s not found for base glyph %s" % (mc, mark) ) bases[glyph][markClasses[mc]] = anchor subtables = buildMarkBasePos(marks, bases, self.glyphMap) return self.buildLookup_(subtables)
[docs]class MarkLigPosBuilder(LookupBuilder): """Builds a Mark-To-Ligature Positioning (GPOS5) lookup. Users are expected to manually add marks and bases to the ``marks`` and ``ligatures`` attributes after the object has been initialized, e.g.:: builder.marks["acute"] = (0, a1) builder.marks["grave"] = (0, a1) builder.marks["cedilla"] = (1, a2) builder.ligatures["f_i"] = [ { 0: a3, 1: a5 }, # f { 0: a4, 1: a5 } # i ] Attributes: font (``fontTools.TTLib.TTFont``): A font object. location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this lookup. marks: An dictionary mapping a glyph name to a two-element tuple containing a mark class ID and ``otTables.Anchor`` object. ligatures: An dictionary mapping a glyph name to an array with one element for each ligature component. Each array element should be a dictionary mapping mark class IDs to ``otTables.Anchor`` objects. lookupflag (int): The lookup's flag markFilterSet: Either ``None`` if no mark filtering set is used, or an integer representing the filtering set to be used for this lookup. If a mark filtering set is provided, `LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET` will be set on the lookup's flags. """ def __init__(self, font, location): LookupBuilder.__init__(self, font, location, "GPOS", 5) self.marks = {} # glyphName -> (markClassName, anchor) self.ligatures = {} # glyphName -> [{markClassName: anchor}, ...] def equals(self, other): return ( LookupBuilder.equals(self, other) and self.marks == other.marks and self.ligatures == other.ligatures )
[docs] def inferGlyphClasses(self): result = {glyph: 2 for glyph in self.ligatures} result.update({glyph: 3 for glyph in self.marks}) return result
[docs] def build(self): """Build the lookup. Returns: An ``otTables.Lookup`` object representing the mark-to-ligature positioning lookup. """ markClasses = self.buildMarkClasses_(self.marks) marks = { mark: (markClasses[mc], anchor) for mark, (mc, anchor) in self.marks.items() } ligs = {} for lig, components in self.ligatures.items(): ligs[lig] = [] for c in components: ligs[lig].append({markClasses[mc]: a for mc, a in c.items()}) subtables = buildMarkLigPos(marks, ligs, self.glyphMap) return self.buildLookup_(subtables)
[docs]class MarkMarkPosBuilder(LookupBuilder): """Builds a Mark-To-Mark Positioning (GPOS6) lookup. Users are expected to manually add marks and bases to the ``marks`` and ``baseMarks`` attributes after the object has been initialized, e.g.:: builder.marks["acute"] = (0, a1) builder.marks["grave"] = (0, a1) builder.marks["cedilla"] = (1, a2) builder.baseMarks["acute"] = {0: a3} Attributes: font (``fontTools.TTLib.TTFont``): A font object. location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this lookup. marks: An dictionary mapping a glyph name to a two-element tuple containing a mark class ID and ``otTables.Anchor`` object. baseMarks: An dictionary mapping a glyph name to a dictionary containing one item: a mark class ID and a ``otTables.Anchor`` object. lookupflag (int): The lookup's flag markFilterSet: Either ``None`` if no mark filtering set is used, or an integer representing the filtering set to be used for this lookup. If a mark filtering set is provided, `LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET` will be set on the lookup's flags. """ def __init__(self, font, location): LookupBuilder.__init__(self, font, location, "GPOS", 6) self.marks = {} # glyphName -> (markClassName, anchor) self.baseMarks = {} # glyphName -> {markClassName: anchor} def equals(self, other): return ( LookupBuilder.equals(self, other) and self.marks == other.marks and self.baseMarks == other.baseMarks )
[docs] def inferGlyphClasses(self): result = {glyph: 3 for glyph in self.baseMarks} result.update({glyph: 3 for glyph in self.marks}) return result
[docs] def build(self): """Build the lookup. Returns: An ``otTables.Lookup`` object representing the mark-to-mark positioning lookup. """ markClasses = self.buildMarkClasses_(self.marks) markClassList = sorted(markClasses.keys(), key=markClasses.get) marks = { mark: (markClasses[mc], anchor) for mark, (mc, anchor) in self.marks.items() } st = ot.MarkMarkPos() st.Format = 1 st.ClassCount = len(markClasses) st.Mark1Coverage = buildCoverage(marks, self.glyphMap) st.Mark2Coverage = buildCoverage(self.baseMarks, self.glyphMap) st.Mark1Array = buildMarkArray(marks, self.glyphMap) st.Mark2Array = ot.Mark2Array() st.Mark2Array.Mark2Count = len(st.Mark2Coverage.glyphs) st.Mark2Array.Mark2Record = [] for base in st.Mark2Coverage.glyphs: anchors = [self.baseMarks[base].get(mc) for mc in markClassList] st.Mark2Array.Mark2Record.append(buildMark2Record(anchors)) return self.buildLookup_([st])
[docs]class ReverseChainSingleSubstBuilder(LookupBuilder): """Builds a Reverse Chaining Contextual Single Substitution (GSUB8) lookup. Users are expected to manually add substitutions to the ``substitutions`` attribute after the object has been initialized, e.g.:: # reversesub [a e n] d' by d.alt; prefix = [ ["a", "e", "n"] ] suffix = [] mapping = { "d": "d.alt" } builder.substitutions.append( (prefix, suffix, mapping) ) Attributes: font (``fontTools.TTLib.TTFont``): A font object. location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this lookup. substitutions: A three-element tuple consisting of a prefix sequence, a suffix sequence, and a dictionary of single substitutions. lookupflag (int): The lookup's flag markFilterSet: Either ``None`` if no mark filtering set is used, or an integer representing the filtering set to be used for this lookup. If a mark filtering set is provided, `LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET` will be set on the lookup's flags. """ def __init__(self, font, location): LookupBuilder.__init__(self, font, location, "GSUB", 8) self.rules = [] # (prefix, suffix, mapping) def equals(self, other): return LookupBuilder.equals(self, other) and self.rules == other.rules
[docs] def build(self): """Build the lookup. Returns: An ``otTables.Lookup`` object representing the chained contextual substitution lookup. """ subtables = [] for prefix, suffix, mapping in self.rules: st = ot.ReverseChainSingleSubst() st.Format = 1 self.setBacktrackCoverage_(prefix, st) self.setLookAheadCoverage_(suffix, st) st.Coverage = buildCoverage(mapping.keys(), self.glyphMap) st.GlyphCount = len(mapping) st.Substitute = [mapping[g] for g in st.Coverage.glyphs] subtables.append(st) return self.buildLookup_(subtables)
[docs] def add_subtable_break(self, location): # Nothing to do here, each substitution is in its own subtable. pass
[docs]class SingleSubstBuilder(LookupBuilder): """Builds a Single Substitution (GSUB1) lookup. Users are expected to manually add substitutions to the ``mapping`` attribute after the object has been initialized, e.g.:: # sub x by y; builder.mapping["x"] = "y" Attributes: font (``fontTools.TTLib.TTFont``): A font object. location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this lookup. mapping: A dictionary mapping a single glyph name to another glyph name. lookupflag (int): The lookup's flag markFilterSet: Either ``None`` if no mark filtering set is used, or an integer representing the filtering set to be used for this lookup. If a mark filtering set is provided, `LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET` will be set on the lookup's flags. """ def __init__(self, font, location): LookupBuilder.__init__(self, font, location, "GSUB", 1) self.mapping = OrderedDict() def equals(self, other): return LookupBuilder.equals(self, other) and self.mapping == other.mapping
[docs] def build(self): """Build the lookup. Returns: An ``otTables.Lookup`` object representing the multiple substitution lookup. """ subtables = self.build_subst_subtables(self.mapping, buildSingleSubstSubtable) return self.buildLookup_(subtables)
[docs] def getAlternateGlyphs(self): return {glyph: set([repl]) for glyph, repl in self.mapping.items()}
[docs] def add_subtable_break(self, location): self.mapping[(self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_, location)] = self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_
[docs]class ClassPairPosSubtableBuilder(object): """Builds class-based Pair Positioning (GPOS2 format 2) subtables. Note that this does *not* build a GPOS2 ``otTables.Lookup`` directly, but builds a list of ``otTables.PairPos`` subtables. It is used by the :class:`PairPosBuilder` below. Attributes: builder (PairPosBuilder): A pair positioning lookup builder. """ def __init__(self, builder): self.builder_ = builder self.classDef1_, self.classDef2_ = None, None self.values_ = {} # (glyphclass1, glyphclass2) --> (value1, value2) self.forceSubtableBreak_ = False self.subtables_ = []
[docs] def addPair(self, gc1, value1, gc2, value2): """Add a pair positioning rule. Args: gc1: A set of glyph names for the "left" glyph value1: An ``otTables.ValueRecord`` object for the left glyph's positioning. gc2: A set of glyph names for the "right" glyph value2: An ``otTables.ValueRecord`` object for the right glyph's positioning. """ mergeable = ( not self.forceSubtableBreak_ and self.classDef1_ is not None and self.classDef1_.canAdd(gc1) and self.classDef2_ is not None and self.classDef2_.canAdd(gc2) ) if not mergeable: self.flush_() self.classDef1_ = ClassDefBuilder(useClass0=True) self.classDef2_ = ClassDefBuilder(useClass0=False) self.values_ = {} self.classDef1_.add(gc1) self.classDef2_.add(gc2) self.values_[(gc1, gc2)] = (value1, value2)
[docs] def addSubtableBreak(self): """Add an explicit subtable break at this point.""" self.forceSubtableBreak_ = True
[docs] def subtables(self): """Return the list of ``otTables.PairPos`` subtables constructed.""" self.flush_() return self.subtables_
def flush_(self): if self.classDef1_ is None or self.classDef2_ is None: return st = buildPairPosClassesSubtable(self.values_, self.builder_.glyphMap) if st.Coverage is None: return self.subtables_.append(st) self.forceSubtableBreak_ = False
[docs]class PairPosBuilder(LookupBuilder): """Builds a Pair Positioning (GPOS2) lookup. Attributes: font (``fontTools.TTLib.TTFont``): A font object. location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this lookup. pairs: An array of class-based pair positioning tuples. Usually manipulated with the :meth:`addClassPair` method below. glyphPairs: A dictionary mapping a tuple of glyph names to a tuple of ``otTables.ValueRecord`` objects. Usually manipulated with the :meth:`addGlyphPair` method below. lookupflag (int): The lookup's flag markFilterSet: Either ``None`` if no mark filtering set is used, or an integer representing the filtering set to be used for this lookup. If a mark filtering set is provided, `LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET` will be set on the lookup's flags. """ def __init__(self, font, location): LookupBuilder.__init__(self, font, location, "GPOS", 2) self.pairs = [] # [(gc1, value1, gc2, value2)*] self.glyphPairs = {} # (glyph1, glyph2) --> (value1, value2) self.locations = {} # (gc1, gc2) --> (filepath, line, column)
[docs] def addClassPair(self, location, glyphclass1, value1, glyphclass2, value2): """Add a class pair positioning rule to the current lookup. Args: location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this rule. Unused. glyphclass1: A set of glyph names for the "left" glyph in the pair. value1: A ``otTables.ValueRecord`` for positioning the left glyph. glyphclass2: A set of glyph names for the "right" glyph in the pair. value2: A ``otTables.ValueRecord`` for positioning the right glyph. """ self.pairs.append((glyphclass1, value1, glyphclass2, value2))
[docs] def addGlyphPair(self, location, glyph1, value1, glyph2, value2): """Add a glyph pair positioning rule to the current lookup. Args: location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this rule. glyph1: A glyph name for the "left" glyph in the pair. value1: A ``otTables.ValueRecord`` for positioning the left glyph. glyph2: A glyph name for the "right" glyph in the pair. value2: A ``otTables.ValueRecord`` for positioning the right glyph. """ key = (glyph1, glyph2) oldValue = self.glyphPairs.get(key, None) if oldValue is not None: # the Feature File spec explicitly allows specific pairs generated # by an 'enum' rule to be overridden by preceding single pairs otherLoc = self.locations[key] log.debug( "Already defined position for pair %s %s at %s; " "choosing the first value", glyph1, glyph2, otherLoc, ) else: self.glyphPairs[key] = (value1, value2) self.locations[key] = location
[docs] def add_subtable_break(self, location): self.pairs.append( ( self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_, self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_, self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_, self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_, ) )
def equals(self, other): return ( LookupBuilder.equals(self, other) and self.glyphPairs == other.glyphPairs and self.pairs == other.pairs )
[docs] def build(self): """Build the lookup. Returns: An ``otTables.Lookup`` object representing the pair positioning lookup. """ builders = {} builder = ClassPairPosSubtableBuilder(self) for glyphclass1, value1, glyphclass2, value2 in self.pairs: if glyphclass1 is self.SUBTABLE_BREAK_: builder.addSubtableBreak() continue builder.addPair(glyphclass1, value1, glyphclass2, value2) subtables = [] if self.glyphPairs: subtables.extend(buildPairPosGlyphs(self.glyphPairs, self.glyphMap)) subtables.extend(builder.subtables()) lookup = self.buildLookup_(subtables) # Compact the lookup # This is a good moment to do it because the compaction should create # smaller subtables, which may prevent overflows from happening. # Keep reading the value from the ENV until ufo2ft switches to the config system level = self.font.cfg.get( "fontTools.otlLib.optimize.gpos:COMPRESSION_LEVEL", default=_compression_level_from_env(), ) if level != 0: log.info("Compacting GPOS...") compact_lookup(self.font, level, lookup) return lookup
[docs]class SinglePosBuilder(LookupBuilder): """Builds a Single Positioning (GPOS1) lookup. Attributes: font (``fontTools.TTLib.TTFont``): A font object. location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this lookup. mapping: A dictionary mapping a glyph name to a ``otTables.ValueRecord`` objects. Usually manipulated with the :meth:`add_pos` method below. lookupflag (int): The lookup's flag markFilterSet: Either ``None`` if no mark filtering set is used, or an integer representing the filtering set to be used for this lookup. If a mark filtering set is provided, `LOOKUP_FLAG_USE_MARK_FILTERING_SET` will be set on the lookup's flags. """ def __init__(self, font, location): LookupBuilder.__init__(self, font, location, "GPOS", 1) self.locations = {} # glyph -> (filename, line, column) self.mapping = {} # glyph -> ot.ValueRecord
[docs] def add_pos(self, location, glyph, otValueRecord): """Add a single positioning rule. Args: location: A string or tuple representing the location in the original source which produced this lookup. glyph: A glyph name. otValueRection: A ``otTables.ValueRecord`` used to position the glyph. """ if not self.can_add(glyph, otValueRecord): otherLoc = self.locations[glyph] raise OpenTypeLibError( 'Already defined different position for glyph "%s" at %s' % (glyph, otherLoc), location, ) if otValueRecord: self.mapping[glyph] = otValueRecord self.locations[glyph] = location
def can_add(self, glyph, value): assert isinstance(value, ValueRecord) curValue = self.mapping.get(glyph) return curValue is None or curValue == value def equals(self, other): return LookupBuilder.equals(self, other) and self.mapping == other.mapping
[docs] def build(self): """Build the lookup. Returns: An ``otTables.Lookup`` object representing the single positioning lookup. """ subtables = buildSinglePos(self.mapping, self.glyphMap) return self.buildLookup_(subtables)
# GSUB
[docs]def buildSingleSubstSubtable(mapping): """Builds a single substitution (GSUB1) subtable. Note that if you are implementing a layout compiler, you may find it more flexible to use :py:class:`fontTools.otlLib.lookupBuilders.SingleSubstBuilder` instead. Args: mapping: A dictionary mapping input glyph names to output glyph names. Returns: An ``otTables.SingleSubst`` object, or ``None`` if the mapping dictionary is empty. """ if not mapping: return None self = ot.SingleSubst() self.mapping = dict(mapping) return self
[docs]def buildMultipleSubstSubtable(mapping): """Builds a multiple substitution (GSUB2) subtable. Note that if you are implementing a layout compiler, you may find it more flexible to use :py:class:`fontTools.otlLib.lookupBuilders.MultipleSubstBuilder` instead. Example:: # sub uni06C0 by uni06D5.fina hamza.above # sub uni06C2 by uni06C1.fina hamza.above; subtable = buildMultipleSubstSubtable({ "uni06C0": [ "uni06D5.fina", "hamza.above"], "uni06C2": [ "uni06D1.fina", "hamza.above"] }) Args: mapping: A dictionary mapping input glyph names to a list of output glyph names. Returns: An ``otTables.MultipleSubst`` object or ``None`` if the mapping dictionary is empty. """ if not mapping: return None self = ot.MultipleSubst() self.mapping = dict(mapping) return self
[docs]def buildAlternateSubstSubtable(mapping): """Builds an alternate substitution (GSUB3) subtable. Note that if you are implementing a layout compiler, you may find it more flexible to use :py:class:`fontTools.otlLib.lookupBuilders.AlternateSubstBuilder` instead. Args: mapping: A dictionary mapping input glyph names to a list of output glyph names. Returns: An ``otTables.AlternateSubst`` object or ``None`` if the mapping dictionary is empty. """ if not mapping: return None self = ot.AlternateSubst() self.alternates = dict(mapping) return self
def _getLigatureKey(components): # Computes a key for ordering ligatures in a GSUB Type-4 lookup. # When building the OpenType lookup, we need to make sure that # the longest sequence of components is listed first, so we # use the negative length as the primary key for sorting. # To make buildLigatureSubstSubtable() deterministic, we use the # component sequence as the secondary key. # For example, this will sort (f,f,f) < (f,f,i) < (f,f) < (f,i) < (f,l). return (-len(components), components)
[docs]def buildLigatureSubstSubtable(mapping): """Builds a ligature substitution (GSUB4) subtable. Note that if you are implementing a layout compiler, you may find it more flexible to use :py:class:`fontTools.otlLib.lookupBuilders.LigatureSubstBuilder` instead. Example:: # sub f f i by f_f_i; # sub f i by f_i; subtable = buildLigatureSubstSubtable({ ("f", "f", "i"): "f_f_i", ("f", "i"): "f_i", }) Args: mapping: A dictionary mapping tuples of glyph names to output glyph names. Returns: An ``otTables.LigatureSubst`` object or ``None`` if the mapping dictionary is empty. """ if not mapping: return None self = ot.LigatureSubst() # The following single line can replace the rest of this function # with fontTools >= 3.1: # self.ligatures = dict(mapping) self.ligatures = {} for components in sorted(mapping.keys(), key=_getLigatureKey): ligature = ot.Ligature() ligature.Component = components[1:] ligature.CompCount = len(ligature.Component) + 1 ligature.LigGlyph = mapping[components] firstGlyph = components[0] self.ligatures.setdefault(firstGlyph, []).append(ligature) return self
# GPOS
[docs]def buildAnchor(x, y, point=None, deviceX=None, deviceY=None): """Builds an Anchor table. This determines the appropriate anchor format based on the passed parameters. Args: x (int): X coordinate. y (int): Y coordinate. point (int): Index of glyph contour point, if provided. deviceX (``otTables.Device``): X coordinate device table, if provided. deviceY (``otTables.Device``): Y coordinate device table, if provided. Returns: An ``otTables.Anchor`` object. """ self = ot.Anchor() self.XCoordinate, self.YCoordinate = x, y self.Format = 1 if point is not None: self.AnchorPoint = point self.Format = 2 if deviceX is not None or deviceY is not None: assert ( self.Format == 1 ), "Either point, or both of deviceX/deviceY, must be None." self.XDeviceTable = deviceX self.YDeviceTable = deviceY self.Format = 3 return self
[docs]def buildBaseArray(bases, numMarkClasses, glyphMap): """Builds a base array record. As part of building mark-to-base positioning rules, you will need to define a ``BaseArray`` record, which "defines for each base glyph an array of anchors, one for each mark class." This function builds the base array subtable. Example:: bases = {"a": {0: a3, 1: a5}, "b": {0: a4, 1: a5}} basearray = buildBaseArray(bases, 2, font.getReverseGlyphMap()) Args: bases (dict): A dictionary mapping anchors to glyphs; the keys being glyph names, and the values being dictionaries mapping mark class ID to the appropriate ``otTables.Anchor`` object used for attaching marks of that class. numMarkClasses (int): The total number of mark classes for which anchors are defined. glyphMap: a glyph name to ID map, typically returned from ``font.getReverseGlyphMap()``. Returns: An ``otTables.BaseArray`` object. """ self = ot.BaseArray() self.BaseRecord = [] for base in sorted(bases, key=glyphMap.__getitem__): b = bases[base] anchors = [b.get(markClass) for markClass in range(numMarkClasses)] self.BaseRecord.append(buildBaseRecord(anchors)) self.BaseCount = len(self.BaseRecord) return self
def buildBaseRecord(anchors): # [otTables.Anchor, otTables.Anchor, ...] --> otTables.BaseRecord self = ot.BaseRecord() self.BaseAnchor = anchors return self
[docs]def buildComponentRecord(anchors): """Builds a component record. As part of building mark-to-ligature positioning rules, you will need to define ``ComponentRecord`` objects, which contain "an array of offsets... to the Anchor tables that define all the attachment points used to attach marks to the component." This function builds the component record. Args: anchors: A list of ``otTables.Anchor`` objects or ``None``. Returns: A ``otTables.ComponentRecord`` object or ``None`` if no anchors are supplied. """ if not anchors: return None self = ot.ComponentRecord() self.LigatureAnchor = anchors return self
[docs]def buildCursivePosSubtable(attach, glyphMap): """Builds a cursive positioning (GPOS3) subtable. Cursive positioning lookups are made up of a coverage table of glyphs, and a set of ``EntryExitRecord`` records containing the anchors for each glyph. This function builds the cursive positioning subtable. Example:: subtable = buildCursivePosSubtable({ "AlifIni": (None, buildAnchor(0, 50)), "BehMed": (buildAnchor(500,250), buildAnchor(0,50)), # ... }, font.getReverseGlyphMap()) Args: attach (dict): A mapping between glyph names and a tuple of two ``otTables.Anchor`` objects representing entry and exit anchors. glyphMap: a glyph name to ID map, typically returned from ``font.getReverseGlyphMap()``. Returns: An ``otTables.CursivePos`` object, or ``None`` if the attachment dictionary was empty. """ if not attach: return None self = ot.CursivePos() self.Format = 1 self.Coverage = buildCoverage(attach.keys(), glyphMap) self.EntryExitRecord = [] for glyph in self.Coverage.glyphs: entryAnchor, exitAnchor = attach[glyph] rec = ot.EntryExitRecord() rec.EntryAnchor = entryAnchor rec.ExitAnchor = exitAnchor self.EntryExitRecord.append(rec) self.EntryExitCount = len(self.EntryExitRecord) return self
[docs]def buildDevice(deltas): """Builds a Device record as part of a ValueRecord or Anchor. Device tables specify size-specific adjustments to value records and anchors to reflect changes based on the resolution of the output. For example, one could specify that an anchor's Y position should be increased by 1 pixel when displayed at 8 pixels per em. This routine builds device records. Args: deltas: A dictionary mapping pixels-per-em sizes to the delta adjustment in pixels when the font is displayed at that size. Returns: An ``otTables.Device`` object if any deltas were supplied, or ``None`` otherwise. """ if not deltas: return None self = ot.Device() keys = deltas.keys() self.StartSize = startSize = min(keys) self.EndSize = endSize = max(keys) assert 0 <= startSize <= endSize self.DeltaValue = deltaValues = [ deltas.get(size, 0) for size in range(startSize, endSize + 1) ] maxDelta = max(deltaValues) minDelta = min(deltaValues) assert minDelta > -129 and maxDelta < 128 if minDelta > -3 and maxDelta < 2: self.DeltaFormat = 1 elif minDelta > -9 and maxDelta < 8: self.DeltaFormat = 2 else: self.DeltaFormat = 3 return self
[docs]def buildLigatureArray(ligs, numMarkClasses, glyphMap): """Builds a LigatureArray subtable. As part of building a mark-to-ligature lookup, you will need to define the set of anchors (for each mark class) on each component of the ligature where marks can be attached. For example, for an Arabic divine name ligature (lam lam heh), you may want to specify mark attachment positioning for superior marks (fatha, etc.) and inferior marks (kasra, etc.) on each glyph of the ligature. This routine builds the ligature array record. Example:: buildLigatureArray({ "lam-lam-heh": [ { 0: superiorAnchor1, 1: inferiorAnchor1 }, # attach points for lam1 { 0: superiorAnchor2, 1: inferiorAnchor2 }, # attach points for lam2 { 0: superiorAnchor3, 1: inferiorAnchor3 }, # attach points for heh ] }, 2, font.getReverseGlyphMap()) Args: ligs (dict): A mapping of ligature names to an array of dictionaries: for each component glyph in the ligature, an dictionary mapping mark class IDs to anchors. numMarkClasses (int): The number of mark classes. glyphMap: a glyph name to ID map, typically returned from ``font.getReverseGlyphMap()``. Returns: An ``otTables.LigatureArray`` object if deltas were supplied. """ self = ot.LigatureArray() self.LigatureAttach = [] for lig in sorted(ligs, key=glyphMap.__getitem__): anchors = [] for component in ligs[lig]: anchors.append([component.get(mc) for mc in range(numMarkClasses)]) self.LigatureAttach.append(buildLigatureAttach(anchors)) self.LigatureCount = len(self.LigatureAttach) return self
def buildLigatureAttach(components): # [[Anchor, Anchor], [Anchor, Anchor, Anchor]] --> LigatureAttach self = ot.LigatureAttach() self.ComponentRecord = [buildComponentRecord(c) for c in components] self.ComponentCount = len(self.ComponentRecord) return self
[docs]def buildMarkArray(marks, glyphMap): """Builds a mark array subtable. As part of building mark-to-* positioning rules, you will need to define a MarkArray subtable, which "defines the class and the anchor point for a mark glyph." This function builds the mark array subtable. Example:: mark = { "acute": (0, buildAnchor(300,712)), # ... } markarray = buildMarkArray(marks, font.getReverseGlyphMap()) Args: marks (dict): A dictionary mapping anchors to glyphs; the keys being glyph names, and the values being a tuple of mark class number and an ``otTables.Anchor`` object representing the mark's attachment point. glyphMap: a glyph name to ID map, typically returned from ``font.getReverseGlyphMap()``. Returns: An ``otTables.MarkArray`` object. """ self = ot.MarkArray() self.MarkRecord = [] for mark in sorted(marks.keys(), key=glyphMap.__getitem__): markClass, anchor = marks[mark] markrec = buildMarkRecord(markClass, anchor) self.MarkRecord.append(markrec) self.MarkCount = len(self.MarkRecord) return self
[docs]def buildMarkBasePos(marks, bases, glyphMap): """Build a list of MarkBasePos (GPOS4) subtables. This routine turns a set of marks and bases into a list of mark-to-base positioning subtables. Currently the list will contain a single subtable containing all marks and bases, although at a later date it may return the optimal list of subtables subsetting the marks and bases into groups which save space. See :func:`buildMarkBasePosSubtable` below. Note that if you are implementing a layout compiler, you may find it more flexible to use :py:class:`fontTools.otlLib.lookupBuilders.MarkBasePosBuilder` instead. Example:: # a1, a2, a3, a4, a5 = buildAnchor(500, 100), ... marks = {"acute": (0, a1), "grave": (0, a1), "cedilla": (1, a2)} bases = {"a": {0: a3, 1: a5}, "b": {0: a4, 1: a5}} markbaseposes = buildMarkBasePos(marks, bases, font.getReverseGlyphMap()) Args: marks (dict): A dictionary mapping anchors to glyphs; the keys being glyph names, and the values being a tuple of mark class number and an ``otTables.Anchor`` object representing the mark's attachment point. (See :func:`buildMarkArray`.) bases (dict): A dictionary mapping anchors to glyphs; the keys being glyph names, and the values being dictionaries mapping mark class ID to the appropriate ``otTables.Anchor`` object used for attaching marks of that class. (See :func:`buildBaseArray`.) glyphMap: a glyph name to ID map, typically returned from ``font.getReverseGlyphMap()``. Returns: A list of ``otTables.MarkBasePos`` objects. """ # TODO: Consider emitting multiple subtables to save space. # Partition the marks and bases into disjoint subsets, so that # MarkBasePos rules would only access glyphs from a single # subset. This would likely lead to smaller mark/base # matrices, so we might be able to omit many of the empty # anchor tables that we currently produce. Of course, this # would only work if the MarkBasePos rules of real-world fonts # allow partitioning into multiple subsets. We should find out # whether this is the case; if so, implement the optimization. # On the other hand, a very large number of subtables could # slow down layout engines; so this would need profiling. return [buildMarkBasePosSubtable(marks, bases, glyphMap)]
[docs]def buildMarkBasePosSubtable(marks, bases, glyphMap): """Build a single MarkBasePos (GPOS4) subtable. This builds a mark-to-base lookup subtable containing all of the referenced marks and bases. See :func:`buildMarkBasePos`. Args: marks (dict): A dictionary mapping anchors to glyphs; the keys being glyph names, and the values being a tuple of mark class number and an ``otTables.Anchor`` object representing the mark's attachment point. (See :func:`buildMarkArray`.) bases (dict): A dictionary mapping anchors to glyphs; the keys being glyph names, and the values being dictionaries mapping mark class ID to the appropriate ``otTables.Anchor`` object used for attaching marks of that class. (See :func:`buildBaseArray`.) glyphMap: a glyph name to ID map, typically returned from ``font.getReverseGlyphMap()``. Returns: A ``otTables.MarkBasePos`` object. """ self = ot.MarkBasePos() self.Format = 1 self.MarkCoverage = buildCoverage(marks, glyphMap) self.MarkArray = buildMarkArray(marks, glyphMap) self.ClassCount = max([mc for mc, _ in marks.values()]) + 1 self.BaseCoverage = buildCoverage(bases, glyphMap) self.BaseArray = buildBaseArray(bases, self.ClassCount, glyphMap) return self
[docs]def buildMarkLigPos(marks, ligs, glyphMap): """Build a list of MarkLigPos (GPOS5) subtables. This routine turns a set of marks and ligatures into a list of mark-to-ligature positioning subtables. Currently the list will contain a single subtable containing all marks and ligatures, although at a later date it may return the optimal list of subtables subsetting the marks and ligatures into groups which save space. See :func:`buildMarkLigPosSubtable` below. Note that if you are implementing a layout compiler, you may find it more flexible to use :py:class:`fontTools.otlLib.lookupBuilders.MarkLigPosBuilder` instead. Example:: # a1, a2, a3, a4, a5 = buildAnchor(500, 100), ... marks = { "acute": (0, a1), "grave": (0, a1), "cedilla": (1, a2) } ligs = { "f_i": [ { 0: a3, 1: a5 }, # f { 0: a4, 1: a5 } # i ], # "c_t": [{...}, {...}] } markligposes = buildMarkLigPos(marks, ligs, font.getReverseGlyphMap()) Args: marks (dict): A dictionary mapping anchors to glyphs; the keys being glyph names, and the values being a tuple of mark class number and an ``otTables.Anchor`` object representing the mark's attachment point. (See :func:`buildMarkArray`.) ligs (dict): A mapping of ligature names to an array of dictionaries: for each component glyph in the ligature, an dictionary mapping mark class IDs to anchors. (See :func:`buildLigatureArray`.) glyphMap: a glyph name to ID map, typically returned from ``font.getReverseGlyphMap()``. Returns: A list of ``otTables.MarkLigPos`` objects. """ # TODO: Consider splitting into multiple subtables to save space, # as with MarkBasePos, this would be a trade-off that would need # profiling. And, depending on how typical fonts are structured, # it might not be worth doing at all. return [buildMarkLigPosSubtable(marks, ligs, glyphMap)]
[docs]def buildMarkLigPosSubtable(marks, ligs, glyphMap): """Build a single MarkLigPos (GPOS5) subtable. This builds a mark-to-base lookup subtable containing all of the referenced marks and bases. See :func:`buildMarkLigPos`. Args: marks (dict): A dictionary mapping anchors to glyphs; the keys being glyph names, and the values being a tuple of mark class number and an ``otTables.Anchor`` object representing the mark's attachment point. (See :func:`buildMarkArray`.) ligs (dict): A mapping of ligature names to an array of dictionaries: for each component glyph in the ligature, an dictionary mapping mark class IDs to anchors. (See :func:`buildLigatureArray`.) glyphMap: a glyph name to ID map, typically returned from ``font.getReverseGlyphMap()``. Returns: A ``otTables.MarkLigPos`` object. """ self = ot.MarkLigPos() self.Format = 1 self.MarkCoverage = buildCoverage(marks, glyphMap) self.MarkArray = buildMarkArray(marks, glyphMap) self.ClassCount = max([mc for mc, _ in marks.values()]) + 1 self.LigatureCoverage = buildCoverage(ligs, glyphMap) self.LigatureArray = buildLigatureArray(ligs, self.ClassCount, glyphMap) return self
def buildMarkRecord(classID, anchor): assert isinstance(classID, int) assert isinstance(anchor, ot.Anchor) self = ot.MarkRecord() self.Class = classID self.MarkAnchor = anchor return self def buildMark2Record(anchors): # [otTables.Anchor, otTables.Anchor, ...] --> otTables.Mark2Record self = ot.Mark2Record() self.Mark2Anchor = anchors return self def _getValueFormat(f, values, i): # Helper for buildPairPos{Glyphs|Classes}Subtable. if f is not None: return f mask = 0 for value in values: if value is not None and value[i] is not None: mask |= value[i].getFormat() return mask
[docs]def buildPairPosClassesSubtable(pairs, glyphMap, valueFormat1=None, valueFormat2=None): """Builds a class pair adjustment (GPOS2 format 2) subtable. Kerning tables are generally expressed as pair positioning tables using class-based pair adjustments. This routine builds format 2 PairPos subtables. Note that if you are implementing a layout compiler, you may find it more flexible to use :py:class:`fontTools.otlLib.lookupBuilders.ClassPairPosSubtableBuilder` instead, as this takes care of ensuring that the supplied pairs can be formed into non-overlapping classes and emitting individual subtables whenever the non-overlapping requirement means that a new subtable is required. Example:: pairs = {} pairs[( [ "K", "X" ], [ "W", "V" ] )] = ( buildValue(xAdvance=+5), buildValue() ) # pairs[(... , ...)] = (..., ...) pairpos = buildPairPosClassesSubtable(pairs, font.getReverseGlyphMap()) Args: pairs (dict): Pair positioning data; the keys being a two-element tuple of lists of glyphnames, and the values being a two-element tuple of ``otTables.ValueRecord`` objects. glyphMap: a glyph name to ID map, typically returned from ``font.getReverseGlyphMap()``. valueFormat1: Force the "left" value records to the given format. valueFormat2: Force the "right" value records to the given format. Returns: A ``otTables.PairPos`` object. """ coverage = set() classDef1 = ClassDefBuilder(useClass0=True) classDef2 = ClassDefBuilder(useClass0=False) for gc1, gc2 in sorted(pairs): coverage.update(gc1) classDef1.add(gc1) classDef2.add(gc2) self = ot.PairPos() self.Format = 2 valueFormat1 = self.ValueFormat1 = _getValueFormat(valueFormat1, pairs.values(), 0) valueFormat2 = self.ValueFormat2 = _getValueFormat(valueFormat2, pairs.values(), 1) self.Coverage = buildCoverage(coverage, glyphMap) self.ClassDef1 = classDef1.build() self.ClassDef2 = classDef2.build() classes1 = classDef1.classes() classes2 = classDef2.classes() self.Class1Record = [] for c1 in classes1: rec1 = ot.Class1Record() rec1.Class2Record = [] self.Class1Record.append(rec1) for c2 in classes2: rec2 = ot.Class2Record() val1, val2 = pairs.get((c1, c2), (None, None)) rec2.Value1 = ( ValueRecord(src=val1, valueFormat=valueFormat1) if valueFormat1 else None ) rec2.Value2 = ( ValueRecord(src=val2, valueFormat=valueFormat2) if valueFormat2 else None ) rec1.Class2Record.append(rec2) self.Class1Count = len(self.Class1Record) self.Class2Count = len(classes2) return self
[docs]def buildPairPosGlyphs(pairs, glyphMap): """Builds a list of glyph-based pair adjustment (GPOS2 format 1) subtables. This organises a list of pair positioning adjustments into subtables based on common value record formats. Note that if you are implementing a layout compiler, you may find it more flexible to use :py:class:`fontTools.otlLib.lookupBuilders.PairPosBuilder` instead. Example:: pairs = { ("K", "W"): ( buildValue(xAdvance=+5), buildValue() ), ("K", "V"): ( buildValue(xAdvance=+5), buildValue() ), # ... } subtables = buildPairPosGlyphs(pairs, font.getReverseGlyphMap()) Args: pairs (dict): Pair positioning data; the keys being a two-element tuple of glyphnames, and the values being a two-element tuple of ``otTables.ValueRecord`` objects. glyphMap: a glyph name to ID map, typically returned from ``font.getReverseGlyphMap()``. Returns: A list of ``otTables.PairPos`` objects. """ p = {} # (formatA, formatB) --> {(glyphA, glyphB): (valA, valB)} for (glyphA, glyphB), (valA, valB) in pairs.items(): formatA = valA.getFormat() if valA is not None else 0 formatB = valB.getFormat() if valB is not None else 0 pos = p.setdefault((formatA, formatB), {}) pos[(glyphA, glyphB)] = (valA, valB) return [ buildPairPosGlyphsSubtable(pos, glyphMap, formatA, formatB) for ((formatA, formatB), pos) in sorted(p.items()) ]
[docs]def buildPairPosGlyphsSubtable(pairs, glyphMap, valueFormat1=None, valueFormat2=None): """Builds a single glyph-based pair adjustment (GPOS2 format 1) subtable. This builds a PairPos subtable from a dictionary of glyph pairs and their positioning adjustments. See also :func:`buildPairPosGlyphs`. Note that if you are implementing a layout compiler, you may find it more flexible to use :py:class:`fontTools.otlLib.lookupBuilders.PairPosBuilder` instead. Example:: pairs = { ("K", "W"): ( buildValue(xAdvance=+5), buildValue() ), ("K", "V"): ( buildValue(xAdvance=+5), buildValue() ), # ... } pairpos = buildPairPosGlyphsSubtable(pairs, font.getReverseGlyphMap()) Args: pairs (dict): Pair positioning data; the keys being a two-element tuple of glyphnames, and the values being a two-element tuple of ``otTables.ValueRecord`` objects. glyphMap: a glyph name to ID map, typically returned from ``font.getReverseGlyphMap()``. valueFormat1: Force the "left" value records to the given format. valueFormat2: Force the "right" value records to the given format. Returns: A ``otTables.PairPos`` object. """ self = ot.PairPos() self.Format = 1 valueFormat1 = self.ValueFormat1 = _getValueFormat(valueFormat1, pairs.values(), 0) valueFormat2 = self.ValueFormat2 = _getValueFormat(valueFormat2, pairs.values(), 1) p = {} for (glyphA, glyphB), (valA, valB) in pairs.items(): p.setdefault(glyphA, []).append((glyphB, valA, valB)) self.Coverage = buildCoverage({g for g, _ in pairs.keys()}, glyphMap) self.PairSet = [] for glyph in self.Coverage.glyphs: ps = ot.PairSet() ps.PairValueRecord = [] self.PairSet.append(ps) for glyph2, val1, val2 in sorted(p[glyph], key=lambda x: glyphMap[x[0]]): pvr = ot.PairValueRecord() pvr.SecondGlyph = glyph2 pvr.Value1 = ( ValueRecord(src=val1, valueFormat=valueFormat1) if valueFormat1 else None ) pvr.Value2 = ( ValueRecord(src=val2, valueFormat=valueFormat2) if valueFormat2 else None ) ps.PairValueRecord.append(pvr) ps.PairValueCount = len(ps.PairValueRecord) self.PairSetCount = len(self.PairSet) return self
[docs]def buildSinglePos(mapping, glyphMap): """Builds a list of single adjustment (GPOS1) subtables. This builds a list of SinglePos subtables from a dictionary of glyph names and their positioning adjustments. The format of the subtables are determined to optimize the size of the resulting subtables. See also :func:`buildSinglePosSubtable`. Note that if you are implementing a layout compiler, you may find it more flexible to use :py:class:`fontTools.otlLib.lookupBuilders.SinglePosBuilder` instead. Example:: mapping = { "V": buildValue({ "xAdvance" : +5 }), # ... } subtables = buildSinglePos(pairs, font.getReverseGlyphMap()) Args: mapping (dict): A mapping between glyphnames and ``otTables.ValueRecord`` objects. glyphMap: a glyph name to ID map, typically returned from ``font.getReverseGlyphMap()``. Returns: A list of ``otTables.SinglePos`` objects. """ result, handled = [], set() # In SinglePos format 1, the covered glyphs all share the same ValueRecord. # In format 2, each glyph has its own ValueRecord, but these records # all have the same properties (eg., all have an X but no Y placement). coverages, masks, values = {}, {}, {} for glyph, value in mapping.items(): key = _getSinglePosValueKey(value) coverages.setdefault(key, []).append(glyph) masks.setdefault(key[0], []).append(key) values[key] = value # If a ValueRecord is shared between multiple glyphs, we generate # a SinglePos format 1 subtable; that is the most compact form. for key, glyphs in coverages.items(): # 5 ushorts is the length of introducing another sublookup if len(glyphs) * _getSinglePosValueSize(key) > 5: format1Mapping = {g: values[key] for g in glyphs} result.append(buildSinglePosSubtable(format1Mapping, glyphMap)) handled.add(key) # In the remaining ValueRecords, look for those whose valueFormat # (the set of used properties) is shared between multiple records. # These will get encoded in format 2. for valueFormat, keys in masks.items(): f2 = [k for k in keys if k not in handled] if len(f2) > 1: format2Mapping = {} for k in f2: format2Mapping.update((g, values[k]) for g in coverages[k]) result.append(buildSinglePosSubtable(format2Mapping, glyphMap)) handled.update(f2) # The remaining ValueRecords are only used by a few glyphs, normally # one. We encode these in format 1 again. for key, glyphs in coverages.items(): if key not in handled: for g in glyphs: st = buildSinglePosSubtable({g: values[key]}, glyphMap) result.append(st) # When the OpenType layout engine traverses the subtables, it will # stop after the first matching subtable. Therefore, we sort the # resulting subtables by decreasing coverage size; this increases # the chance that the layout engine can do an early exit. (Of course, # this would only be true if all glyphs were equally frequent, which # is not really the case; but we do not know their distribution). # If two subtables cover the same number of glyphs, we sort them # by glyph ID so that our output is deterministic. result.sort(key=lambda t: _getSinglePosTableKey(t, glyphMap)) return result
[docs]def buildSinglePosSubtable(values, glyphMap): """Builds a single adjustment (GPOS1) subtable. This builds a list of SinglePos subtables from a dictionary of glyph names and their positioning adjustments. The format of the subtable is determined to optimize the size of the output. See also :func:`buildSinglePos`. Note that if you are implementing a layout compiler, you may find it more flexible to use :py:class:`fontTools.otlLib.lookupBuilders.SinglePosBuilder` instead. Example:: mapping = { "V": buildValue({ "xAdvance" : +5 }), # ... } subtable = buildSinglePos(pairs, font.getReverseGlyphMap()) Args: mapping (dict): A mapping between glyphnames and ``otTables.ValueRecord`` objects. glyphMap: a glyph name to ID map, typically returned from ``font.getReverseGlyphMap()``. Returns: A ``otTables.SinglePos`` object. """ self = ot.SinglePos() self.Coverage = buildCoverage(values.keys(), glyphMap) valueFormat = self.ValueFormat = reduce( int.__or__, [v.getFormat() for v in values.values()], 0 ) valueRecords = [ ValueRecord(src=values[g], valueFormat=valueFormat) for g in self.Coverage.glyphs ] if all(v == valueRecords[0] for v in valueRecords): self.Format = 1 if self.ValueFormat != 0: self.Value = valueRecords[0] else: self.Value = None else: self.Format = 2 self.Value = valueRecords self.ValueCount = len(self.Value) return self
def _getSinglePosTableKey(subtable, glyphMap): assert isinstance(subtable, ot.SinglePos), subtable glyphs = subtable.Coverage.glyphs return (-len(glyphs), glyphMap[glyphs[0]]) def _getSinglePosValueKey(valueRecord): # otBase.ValueRecord --> (2, ("YPlacement": 12)) assert isinstance(valueRecord, ValueRecord), valueRecord valueFormat, result = 0, [] for name, value in valueRecord.__dict__.items(): if isinstance(value, ot.Device): result.append((name, _makeDeviceTuple(value))) else: result.append((name, value)) valueFormat |= valueRecordFormatDict[name][0] result.sort() result.insert(0, valueFormat) return tuple(result) _DeviceTuple = namedtuple("_DeviceTuple", "DeltaFormat StartSize EndSize DeltaValue") def _makeDeviceTuple(device): # otTables.Device --> tuple, for making device tables unique return _DeviceTuple( device.DeltaFormat, device.StartSize, device.EndSize, () if device.DeltaFormat & 0x8000 else tuple(device.DeltaValue), ) def _getSinglePosValueSize(valueKey): # Returns how many ushorts this valueKey (short form of ValueRecord) takes up count = 0 for _, v in valueKey[1:]: if isinstance(v, _DeviceTuple): count += len(v.DeltaValue) + 3 else: count += 1 return count
[docs]def buildValue(value): """Builds a positioning value record. Value records are used to specify coordinates and adjustments for positioning and attaching glyphs. Many of the positioning functions in this library take ``otTables.ValueRecord`` objects as arguments. This function builds value records from dictionaries. Args: value (dict): A dictionary with zero or more of the following keys: - ``xPlacement`` - ``yPlacement`` - ``xAdvance`` - ``yAdvance`` - ``xPlaDevice`` - ``yPlaDevice`` - ``xAdvDevice`` - ``yAdvDevice`` Returns: An ``otTables.ValueRecord`` object. """ self = ValueRecord() for k, v in value.items(): setattr(self, k, v) return self
# GDEF
[docs]def buildAttachList(attachPoints, glyphMap): """Builds an AttachList subtable. A GDEF table may contain an Attachment Point List table (AttachList) which stores the contour indices of attachment points for glyphs with attachment points. This routine builds AttachList subtables. Args: attachPoints (dict): A mapping between glyph names and a list of contour indices. Returns: An ``otTables.AttachList`` object if attachment points are supplied, or ``None`` otherwise. """ if not attachPoints: return None self = ot.AttachList() self.Coverage = buildCoverage(attachPoints.keys(), glyphMap) self.AttachPoint = [buildAttachPoint(attachPoints[g]) for g in self.Coverage.glyphs] self.GlyphCount = len(self.AttachPoint) return self
def buildAttachPoint(points): # [4, 23, 41] --> otTables.AttachPoint # Only used by above. if not points: return None self = ot.AttachPoint() self.PointIndex = sorted(set(points)) self.PointCount = len(self.PointIndex) return self def buildCaretValueForCoord(coord): # 500 --> otTables.CaretValue, format 1 self = ot.CaretValue() self.Format = 1 self.Coordinate = coord return self def buildCaretValueForPoint(point): # 4 --> otTables.CaretValue, format 2 self = ot.CaretValue() self.Format = 2 self.CaretValuePoint = point return self
[docs]def buildLigCaretList(coords, points, glyphMap): """Builds a ligature caret list table. Ligatures appear as a single glyph representing multiple characters; however when, for example, editing text containing a ``f_i`` ligature, the user may want to place the cursor between the ``f`` and the ``i``. The ligature caret list in the GDEF table specifies the position to display the "caret" (the character insertion indicator, typically a flashing vertical bar) "inside" the ligature to represent an insertion point. The insertion positions may be specified either by coordinate or by contour point. Example:: coords = { "f_f_i": [300, 600] # f|fi cursor at 300 units, ff|i cursor at 600. } points = { "c_t": [28] # c|t cursor appears at coordinate of contour point 28. } ligcaretlist = buildLigCaretList(coords, points, font.getReverseGlyphMap()) Args: coords: A mapping between glyph names and a list of coordinates for the insertion point of each ligature component after the first one. points: A mapping between glyph names and a list of contour points for the insertion point of each ligature component after the first one. glyphMap: a glyph name to ID map, typically returned from ``font.getReverseGlyphMap()``. Returns: A ``otTables.LigCaretList`` object if any carets are present, or ``None`` otherwise.""" glyphs = set(coords.keys()) if coords else set() if points: glyphs.update(points.keys()) carets = {g: buildLigGlyph(coords.get(g), points.get(g)) for g in glyphs} carets = {g: c for g, c in carets.items() if c is not None} if not carets: return None self = ot.LigCaretList() self.Coverage = buildCoverage(carets.keys(), glyphMap) self.LigGlyph = [carets[g] for g in self.Coverage.glyphs] self.LigGlyphCount = len(self.LigGlyph) return self
def buildLigGlyph(coords, points): # ([500], [4]) --> otTables.LigGlyph; None for empty coords/points carets = [] if coords: carets.extend([buildCaretValueForCoord(c) for c in sorted(coords)]) if points: carets.extend([buildCaretValueForPoint(p) for p in sorted(points)]) if not carets: return None self = ot.LigGlyph() self.CaretValue = carets self.CaretCount = len(self.CaretValue) return self
[docs]def buildMarkGlyphSetsDef(markSets, glyphMap): """Builds a mark glyph sets definition table. OpenType Layout lookups may choose to use mark filtering sets to consider or ignore particular combinations of marks. These sets are specified by setting a flag on the lookup, but the mark filtering sets are defined in the ``GDEF`` table. This routine builds the subtable containing the mark glyph set definitions. Example:: set0 = set("acute", "grave") set1 = set("caron", "grave") markglyphsets = buildMarkGlyphSetsDef([set0, set1], font.getReverseGlyphMap()) Args: markSets: A list of sets of glyphnames. glyphMap: a glyph name to ID map, typically returned from ``font.getReverseGlyphMap()``. Returns An ``otTables.MarkGlyphSetsDef`` object. """ if not markSets: return None self = ot.MarkGlyphSetsDef() self.MarkSetTableFormat = 1 self.Coverage = [buildCoverage(m, glyphMap) for m in markSets] self.MarkSetCount = len(self.Coverage) return self
class ClassDefBuilder(object): """Helper for building ClassDef tables.""" def __init__(self, useClass0): self.classes_ = set() self.glyphs_ = {} self.useClass0_ = useClass0 def canAdd(self, glyphs): if isinstance(glyphs, (set, frozenset)): glyphs = sorted(glyphs) glyphs = tuple(glyphs) if glyphs in self.classes_: return True for glyph in glyphs: if glyph in self.glyphs_: return False return True def add(self, glyphs): if isinstance(glyphs, (set, frozenset)): glyphs = sorted(glyphs) glyphs = tuple(glyphs) if glyphs in self.classes_: return self.classes_.add(glyphs) for glyph in glyphs: if glyph in self.glyphs_: raise OpenTypeLibError( f"Glyph {glyph} is already present in class.", None ) self.glyphs_[glyph] = glyphs def classes(self): # In ClassDef1 tables, class id #0 does not need to be encoded # because zero is the default. Therefore, we use id #0 for the # glyph class that has the largest number of members. However, # in other tables than ClassDef1, 0 means "every other glyph" # so we should not use that ID for any real glyph classes; # we implement this by inserting an empty set at position 0. # # TODO: Instead of counting the number of glyphs in each class, # we should determine the encoded size. If the glyphs in a large # class form a contiguous range, the encoding is actually quite # compact, whereas a non-contiguous set might need a lot of bytes # in the output file. We don't get this right with the key below. result = sorted(self.classes_, key=lambda s: (len(s), s), reverse=True) if not self.useClass0_: result.insert(0, frozenset()) return result def build(self): glyphClasses = {} for classID, glyphs in enumerate(self.classes()): if classID == 0: continue for glyph in glyphs: glyphClasses[glyph] = classID classDef = ot.ClassDef() classDef.classDefs = glyphClasses return classDef AXIS_VALUE_NEGATIVE_INFINITY = fixedToFloat(-0x80000000, 16) AXIS_VALUE_POSITIVE_INFINITY = fixedToFloat(0x7FFFFFFF, 16)
[docs]def buildStatTable( ttFont, axes, locations=None, elidedFallbackName=2, windowsNames=True, macNames=True ): """Add a 'STAT' table to 'ttFont'. 'axes' is a list of dictionaries describing axes and their values. Example:: axes = [ dict( tag="wght", name="Weight", ordering=0, # optional values=[ dict(value=100, name='Thin'), dict(value=300, name='Light'), dict(value=400, name='Regular', flags=0x2), dict(value=900, name='Black'), ], ) ] Each axis dict must have 'tag' and 'name' items. 'tag' maps to the 'AxisTag' field. 'name' can be a name ID (int), a string, or a dictionary containing multilingual names (see the addMultilingualName() name table method), and will translate to the AxisNameID field. An axis dict may contain an 'ordering' item that maps to the AxisOrdering field. If omitted, the order of the axes list is used to calculate AxisOrdering fields. The axis dict may contain a 'values' item, which is a list of dictionaries describing AxisValue records belonging to this axis. Each value dict must have a 'name' item, which can be a name ID (int), a string, or a dictionary containing multilingual names, like the axis name. It translates to the ValueNameID field. Optionally the value dict can contain a 'flags' item. It maps to the AxisValue Flags field, and will be 0 when omitted. The format of the AxisValue is determined by the remaining contents of the value dictionary: If the value dict contains a 'value' item, an AxisValue record Format 1 is created. If in addition to the 'value' item it contains a 'linkedValue' item, an AxisValue record Format 3 is built. If the value dict contains a 'nominalValue' item, an AxisValue record Format 2 is built. Optionally it may contain 'rangeMinValue' and 'rangeMaxValue' items. These map to -Infinity and +Infinity respectively if omitted. You cannot specify Format 4 AxisValue tables this way, as they are not tied to a single axis, and specify a name for a location that is defined by multiple axes values. Instead, you need to supply the 'locations' argument. The optional 'locations' argument specifies AxisValue Format 4 tables. It should be a list of dicts, where each dict has a 'name' item, which works just like the value dicts above, an optional 'flags' item (defaulting to 0x0), and a 'location' dict. A location dict key is an axis tag, and the associated value is the location on the specified axis. They map to the AxisIndex and Value fields of the AxisValueRecord. Example:: locations = [ dict(name='Regular ABCD', location=dict(wght=300, ABCD=100)), dict(name='Bold ABCD XYZ', location=dict(wght=600, ABCD=200)), ] The optional 'elidedFallbackName' argument can be a name ID (int), a string, a dictionary containing multilingual names, or a list of STATNameStatements. It translates to the ElidedFallbackNameID field. The 'ttFont' argument must be a TTFont instance that already has a 'name' table. If a 'STAT' table already exists, it will be overwritten by the newly created one. """ ttFont["STAT"] = ttLib.newTable("STAT") statTable = ttFont["STAT"].table = ot.STAT() nameTable = ttFont["name"] statTable.ElidedFallbackNameID = _addName( nameTable, elidedFallbackName, windows=windowsNames, mac=macNames ) # 'locations' contains data for AxisValue Format 4 axisRecords, axisValues = _buildAxisRecords( axes, nameTable, windowsNames=windowsNames, macNames=macNames ) if not locations: statTable.Version = 0x00010001 else: # We'll be adding Format 4 AxisValue records, which # requires a higher table version statTable.Version = 0x00010002 multiAxisValues = _buildAxisValuesFormat4( locations, axes, nameTable, windowsNames=windowsNames, macNames=macNames ) axisValues = multiAxisValues + axisValues # Store AxisRecords axisRecordArray = ot.AxisRecordArray() axisRecordArray.Axis = axisRecords # XXX these should not be hard-coded but computed automatically statTable.DesignAxisRecordSize = 8 statTable.DesignAxisRecord = axisRecordArray statTable.DesignAxisCount = len(axisRecords) if axisValues: # Store AxisValueRecords axisValueArray = ot.AxisValueArray() axisValueArray.AxisValue = axisValues statTable.AxisValueArray = axisValueArray statTable.AxisValueCount = len(axisValues)
def _buildAxisRecords(axes, nameTable, windowsNames=True, macNames=True): axisRecords = [] axisValues = [] for axisRecordIndex, axisDict in enumerate(axes): axis = ot.AxisRecord() axis.AxisTag = axisDict["tag"] axis.AxisNameID = _addName( nameTable, axisDict["name"], 256, windows=windowsNames, mac=macNames ) axis.AxisOrdering = axisDict.get("ordering", axisRecordIndex) axisRecords.append(axis) for axisVal in axisDict.get("values", ()): axisValRec = ot.AxisValue() axisValRec.AxisIndex = axisRecordIndex axisValRec.Flags = axisVal.get("flags", 0) axisValRec.ValueNameID = _addName( nameTable, axisVal["name"], windows=windowsNames, mac=macNames ) if "value" in axisVal: axisValRec.Value = axisVal["value"] if "linkedValue" in axisVal: axisValRec.Format = 3 axisValRec.LinkedValue = axisVal["linkedValue"] else: axisValRec.Format = 1 elif "nominalValue" in axisVal: axisValRec.Format = 2 axisValRec.NominalValue = axisVal["nominalValue"] axisValRec.RangeMinValue = axisVal.get( "rangeMinValue", AXIS_VALUE_NEGATIVE_INFINITY ) axisValRec.RangeMaxValue = axisVal.get( "rangeMaxValue", AXIS_VALUE_POSITIVE_INFINITY ) else: raise ValueError("Can't determine format for AxisValue") axisValues.append(axisValRec) return axisRecords, axisValues def _buildAxisValuesFormat4( locations, axes, nameTable, windowsNames=True, macNames=True ): axisTagToIndex = {} for axisRecordIndex, axisDict in enumerate(axes): axisTagToIndex[axisDict["tag"]] = axisRecordIndex axisValues = [] for axisLocationDict in locations: axisValRec = ot.AxisValue() axisValRec.Format = 4 axisValRec.ValueNameID = _addName( nameTable, axisLocationDict["name"], windows=windowsNames, mac=macNames ) axisValRec.Flags = axisLocationDict.get("flags", 0) axisValueRecords = [] for tag, value in axisLocationDict["location"].items(): avr = ot.AxisValueRecord() avr.AxisIndex = axisTagToIndex[tag] avr.Value = value axisValueRecords.append(avr) axisValueRecords.sort(key=lambda avr: avr.AxisIndex) axisValRec.AxisCount = len(axisValueRecords) axisValRec.AxisValueRecord = axisValueRecords axisValues.append(axisValRec) return axisValues def _addName(nameTable, value, minNameID=0, windows=True, mac=True): if isinstance(value, int): # Already a nameID return value if isinstance(value, str): names = dict(en=value) elif isinstance(value, dict): names = value elif isinstance(value, list): nameID = nameTable._findUnusedNameID() for nameRecord in value: if isinstance(nameRecord, STATNameStatement): nameTable.setName( nameRecord.string, nameID, nameRecord.platformID, nameRecord.platEncID, nameRecord.langID, ) else: raise TypeError("value must be a list of STATNameStatements") return nameID else: raise TypeError("value must be int, str, dict or list") return nameTable.addMultilingualName( names, windows=windows, mac=mac, minNameID=minNameID )