Source code for fontTools.ttx

usage: ttx [options] inputfile1 [... inputfileN]

TTX -- From OpenType To XML And Back

If an input file is a TrueType or OpenType font file, it will be
decompiled to a TTX file (an XML-based text format).
If an input file is a TTX file, it will be compiled to whatever
format the data is in, a TrueType or OpenType/CFF font file.
A special input value of - means read from the standard input.

Output files are created so they are unique: an existing file is
never overwritten.

General options

-h Help            print this message.
--version          show version and exit.
-d <outputfolder>  Specify a directory where the output files are
                   to be created.
-o <outputfile>    Specify a file to write the output to. A special
                   value of - would use the standard output.
-f                 Overwrite existing output file(s), ie. don't append
-v                 Verbose: more messages will be written to stdout
                   about what is being done.
-q                 Quiet: No messages will be written to stdout about
                   what is being done.
-a                 allow virtual glyphs ID's on compile or decompile.

Dump options

-l           List table info: instead of dumping to a TTX file, list
             some minimal info about each table.
-t <table>   Specify a table to dump. Multiple -t options
             are allowed. When no -t option is specified, all tables
             will be dumped.
-x <table>   Specify a table to exclude from the dump. Multiple
             -x options are allowed. -t and -x are mutually exclusive.
-s           Split tables: save the TTX data into separate TTX files per
             table and write one small TTX file that contains references
             to the individual table dumps. This file can be used as
             input to ttx, as long as the table files are in the
             same directory.
-g           Split glyf table: Save the glyf data into separate TTX files
             per glyph and write a small TTX for the glyf table which
             contains references to the individual TTGlyph elements.
             NOTE: specifying -g implies -s (no need for -s together
             with -g)
-i           Do NOT disassemble TT instructions: when this option is
             given, all TrueType programs (glyph programs, the font
             program and the pre-program) will be written to the TTX
             file as hex data instead of assembly. This saves some time
             and makes the TTX file smaller.
-z <format>  Specify a bitmap data export option for EBDT:
             {'raw', 'row', 'bitwise', 'extfile'} or for the CBDT:
             {'raw', 'extfile'} Each option does one of the following:

             -z raw
               export the bitmap data as a hex dump
             -z row
               export each row as hex data
             -z bitwise
               export each row as binary in an ASCII art style
             -z extfile
               export the data as external files with XML references

             If no export format is specified 'raw' format is used.
-e           Don't ignore decompilation errors, but show a full traceback
             and abort.
-y <number>  Select font number for TrueType Collection (.ttc/.otc),
             starting from 0.
--unicodedata <UnicodeData.txt>
             Use custom database file to write character names in the
             comments of the cmap TTX output.
--newline <value>
             Control how line endings are written in the XML file. It
             can be 'LF', 'CR', or 'CRLF'. If not specified, the
             default platform-specific line endings are used.

Compile options

-m           Merge with TrueType-input-file: specify a TrueType or
             OpenType font file to be merged with the TTX file. This
             option is only valid when at most one TTX file is specified.
-b           Don't recalc glyph bounding boxes: use the values in the
             TTX file as-is.
             Set font 'modified' timestamp to current time.
             By default, the modification time of the TTX file will be
             Keep the original font 'modified' timestamp.
--flavor <type>
             Specify flavor of output font file. May be 'woff' or 'woff2'.
             Note that WOFF2 requires the Brotli Python extension,
             available at
             Use Zopfli instead of Zlib to compress WOFF. The Python
             extension is available at

from fontTools.ttLib import TTFont, TTLibError
from fontTools.misc.macCreatorType import getMacCreatorAndType
from fontTools.unicode import setUnicodeData
from fontTools.misc.textTools import Tag, tostr
from fontTools.misc.timeTools import timestampSinceEpoch
from fontTools.misc.loggingTools import Timer
from fontTools.misc.cliTools import makeOutputFileName
import os
import sys
import getopt
import re
import logging

log = logging.getLogger("fontTools.ttx")

opentypeheaderRE = re.compile("""sfntVersion=['"]OTTO["']""")

[docs]class Options(object): listTables = False outputDir = None outputFile = None overWrite = False verbose = False quiet = False splitTables = False splitGlyphs = False disassembleInstructions = True mergeFile = None recalcBBoxes = True ignoreDecompileErrors = True bitmapGlyphDataFormat = "raw" unicodedata = None newlinestr = "\n" recalcTimestamp = None flavor = None useZopfli = False def __init__(self, rawOptions, numFiles): self.onlyTables = [] self.skipTables = [] self.fontNumber = -1 for option, value in rawOptions: # general options if option == "-h": print(__doc__) sys.exit(0) elif option == "--version": from fontTools import version print(version) sys.exit(0) elif option == "-d": if not os.path.isdir(value): raise getopt.GetoptError( "The -d option value must be an existing directory" ) self.outputDir = value elif option == "-o": self.outputFile = value elif option == "-f": self.overWrite = True elif option == "-v": self.verbose = True elif option == "-q": self.quiet = True # dump options elif option == "-l": self.listTables = True elif option == "-t": # pad with space if table tag length is less than 4 value = value.ljust(4) self.onlyTables.append(value) elif option == "-x": # pad with space if table tag length is less than 4 value = value.ljust(4) self.skipTables.append(value) elif option == "-s": self.splitTables = True elif option == "-g": # -g implies (and forces) splitTables self.splitGlyphs = True self.splitTables = True elif option == "-i": self.disassembleInstructions = False elif option == "-z": validOptions = ("raw", "row", "bitwise", "extfile") if value not in validOptions: raise getopt.GetoptError( "-z does not allow %s as a format. Use %s" % (option, validOptions) ) self.bitmapGlyphDataFormat = value elif option == "-y": self.fontNumber = int(value) # compile options elif option == "-m": self.mergeFile = value elif option == "-b": self.recalcBBoxes = False elif option == "-e": self.ignoreDecompileErrors = False elif option == "--unicodedata": self.unicodedata = value elif option == "--newline": validOptions = ("LF", "CR", "CRLF") if value == "LF": self.newlinestr = "\n" elif value == "CR": self.newlinestr = "\r" elif value == "CRLF": self.newlinestr = "\r\n" else: raise getopt.GetoptError( "Invalid choice for --newline: %r (choose from %s)" % (value, ", ".join(map(repr, validOptions))) ) elif option == "--recalc-timestamp": self.recalcTimestamp = True elif option == "--no-recalc-timestamp": self.recalcTimestamp = False elif option == "--flavor": self.flavor = value elif option == "--with-zopfli": self.useZopfli = True if self.verbose and self.quiet: raise getopt.GetoptError("-q and -v options are mutually exclusive") if self.verbose: self.logLevel = logging.DEBUG elif self.quiet: self.logLevel = logging.WARNING else: self.logLevel = logging.INFO if self.mergeFile and self.flavor: raise getopt.GetoptError("-m and --flavor options are mutually exclusive") if self.onlyTables and self.skipTables: raise getopt.GetoptError("-t and -x options are mutually exclusive") if self.mergeFile and numFiles > 1: raise getopt.GetoptError( "Must specify exactly one TTX source file when using -m" ) if self.flavor != "woff" and self.useZopfli: raise getopt.GetoptError("--with-zopfli option requires --flavor 'woff'")
[docs]def ttList(input, output, options): ttf = TTFont(input, fontNumber=options.fontNumber, lazy=True) reader = ttf.reader tags = sorted(reader.keys()) print('Listing table info for "%s":' % input) format = " %4s %10s %8s %8s" print(format % ("tag ", " checksum", " length", " offset")) print(format % ("----", "----------", "--------", "--------")) for tag in tags: entry = reader.tables[tag] if ttf.flavor == "woff2": # WOFF2 doesn't store table checksums, so they must be calculated from fontTools.ttLib.sfnt import calcChecksum data = entry.loadData(reader.transformBuffer) checkSum = calcChecksum(data) else: checkSum = int(entry.checkSum) if checkSum < 0: checkSum = checkSum + 0x100000000 checksum = "0x%08X" % checkSum print(format % (tag, checksum, entry.length, entry.offset)) print() ttf.close()
[docs]@Timer(log, "Done dumping TTX in %(time).3f seconds") def ttDump(input, output, options): input_name = input if input == "-": input, input_name = sys.stdin.buffer, output_name = output if output == "-": output, output_name = sys.stdout,'Dumping "%s" to "%s"...', input_name, output_name) if options.unicodedata: setUnicodeData(options.unicodedata) ttf = TTFont( input, 0, ignoreDecompileErrors=options.ignoreDecompileErrors, fontNumber=options.fontNumber, ) ttf.saveXML( output, tables=options.onlyTables, skipTables=options.skipTables, splitTables=options.splitTables, splitGlyphs=options.splitGlyphs, disassembleInstructions=options.disassembleInstructions, bitmapGlyphDataFormat=options.bitmapGlyphDataFormat, newlinestr=options.newlinestr, ) ttf.close()
[docs]@Timer(log, "Done compiling TTX in %(time).3f seconds") def ttCompile(input, output, options): input_name = input if input == "-": input, input_name = sys.stdin, output_name = output if output == "-": output, output_name = sys.stdout.buffer,'Compiling "%s" to "%s"...' % (input_name, output)) if options.useZopfli: from fontTools.ttLib import sfnt sfnt.USE_ZOPFLI = True ttf = TTFont( options.mergeFile, flavor=options.flavor, recalcBBoxes=options.recalcBBoxes, recalcTimestamp=options.recalcTimestamp, ) ttf.importXML(input) if options.recalcTimestamp is None and "head" in ttf and input is not sys.stdin: # use TTX file modification time for head "modified" timestamp mtime = os.path.getmtime(input) ttf["head"].modified = timestampSinceEpoch(mtime)
[docs]def guessFileType(fileName): if fileName == "-": header = sys.stdin.buffer.peek(256) ext = "" else: base, ext = os.path.splitext(fileName) try: with open(fileName, "rb") as f: header = except IOError: return None if header.startswith(b"\xef\xbb\xbf<?xml"): header = header.lstrip(b"\xef\xbb\xbf") cr, tp = getMacCreatorAndType(fileName) if tp in ("sfnt", "FFIL"): return "TTF" if ext == ".dfont": return "TTF" head = Tag(header[:4]) if head == "OTTO": return "OTF" elif head == "ttcf": return "TTC" elif head in ("\0\1\0\0", "true"): return "TTF" elif head == "wOFF": return "WOFF" elif head == "wOF2": return "WOFF2" elif head == "<?xm": # Use 'latin1' because that can't fail. header = tostr(header, "latin1") if return "OTX" else: return "TTX" return None
[docs]def parseOptions(args): rawOptions, files = getopt.getopt( args, "ld:o:fvqht:x:sgim:z:baey:", [ "unicodedata=", "recalc-timestamp", "no-recalc-timestamp", "flavor=", "version", "with-zopfli", "newline=", ], ) options = Options(rawOptions, len(files)) jobs = [] if not files: raise getopt.GetoptError("Must specify at least one input file") for input in files: if input != "-" and not os.path.isfile(input): raise getopt.GetoptError('File not found: "%s"' % input) tp = guessFileType(input) if tp in ("OTF", "TTF", "TTC", "WOFF", "WOFF2"): extension = ".ttx" if options.listTables: action = ttList else: action = ttDump elif tp == "TTX": extension = "." + options.flavor if options.flavor else ".ttf" action = ttCompile elif tp == "OTX": extension = "." + options.flavor if options.flavor else ".otf" action = ttCompile else: raise getopt.GetoptError('Unknown file type: "%s"' % input) if options.outputFile: output = options.outputFile else: if input == "-": raise getopt.GetoptError("Must provide -o when reading from stdin") output = makeOutputFileName( input, options.outputDir, extension, options.overWrite ) # 'touch' output file to avoid race condition in choosing file names if action != ttList: open(output, "a").close() jobs.append((action, input, output)) return jobs, options
[docs]def process(jobs, options): for action, input, output in jobs: action(input, output, options)
[docs]def main(args=None): """Convert OpenType fonts to XML and back""" from fontTools import configLogger if args is None: args = sys.argv[1:] try: jobs, options = parseOptions(args) except getopt.GetoptError as e: print("%s\nERROR: %s" % (__doc__, e), file=sys.stderr) sys.exit(2) configLogger(level=options.logLevel) try: process(jobs, options) except KeyboardInterrupt: log.error("(Cancelled.)") sys.exit(1) except SystemExit: raise except TTLibError as e: log.error(e) sys.exit(1) except: log.exception("Unhandled exception has occurred") sys.exit(1)
if __name__ == "__main__": sys.exit(main())